The worst thing a parent can ever experience is seeing their child suffer. Children are at greater risk from receiving serious injuries than mature adults. This is because children do not have a fully developed brain, and thus their cognitive abilities are not at maturity. This may cause them to undermine potential danger, and thus significantly increases their chance of getting hurt.
However, it is one thing to receive cuts and bruises, and another to receive injuries that are life threatening. That is why it is vital for caregivers to be alert of the dangers that are out there.
Leaving food that is cooking unattended can inadvertently cause a serious burn. Children who have never been scalded by a hot pan might not realise that the pan being used to cook food might burn them. It is essential for you to never keep your eyes off any equipment you are using to cook, and also attempt to keep children away from any potential burn hazards. Educating your child about the dangers of fires and the concept of cooking and heat can also help prevent any accidents arising from ignorance.
Also, be sure to watch out if you’re boiling water or roasting a cup of coffee. Handling hot liquids can cause accidental burns if you are not careful, and as children’s skin are more delicate and fragile than an adult’s skin, it is highly plausible that serious injury can occur.
2) Injuries from road crossing
Children might not be as alert or concerned with matters that have to do with road safety. Unsafe practices that can occur can be something as subtle as not looking left and right before crossing the road, or them using their phone while crossing the road. Though many schools have tried to implement a ‘school safety zone’ where motorists are required to drive slower while near a school, it is still safer if children can adopt better practices that will ensure their safety.
3) Traumatic brain injury
Traumatic brain injury can arise from a great force being applied onto your child’s head, injuring his brain. This can come about from vehicular collisions or simply falling and landing on his head. As the brain literally houses who we are(our personalities), trauma to the brain can result in anything from personality changes to mental illnesses. Intellectual impairment is also not unheard of, as is going into a coma, or even death. Our brain is very poorly understood by modern science, and is an insanely complex organ. Also, just because a child seems like he is okay does not mean he is, as a force to the head can leave the head intact, but cause the brain to bounce about inside the head and as a result receive damage. If your child trips and hits his head, bring him to a medical practitioner immediately.
4) Asphyxiation from choking
When children are eating, and especially when they’re eating extremely quickly, there is a good chance that a piece of food will get stuck in their throat, choking them and preventing them from breathing. If you see that your child is grabbing onto his throat and has difficulty talking or is coughing, and you believe that he is choking, it would be wise to administer the heimlich maneuver. Place a fist over their belly button or breastbone and push up(not in) to try to dislodge the piece of food. Slapping them on the back is also plausible, but the heimlich maneuver should always be attempted first. Do this as soon as possible as your child will lose consciousness if he does not get oxygen.
If your child is below the age of one, you can modify the above techniques. Ensure that you are not using a lot of force(be gentle), and instead of using your entire hand, use two fingers instead.
Remember that the idea behind these techniques is to use enough force to dislodge whatever is in the throat of the person, and a force on the back with the right angle, or the heimlich maneuver which applies a force upwards on the person’s throat can dislodge the piece of food. Also, while doing any of these procedures, call out for help.