Children and broken bones go together like a horse and carriage. When you take your kiddos to the playground, you certainly don’t imagine going to the ER as part of the plan. Well, fractures are nothing but common in youngsters, affecting boys more often than girls. Accidents typically happen in the knees, arms, and hands. In this post, you will find more information about kids wrist fracture and other injuries that might befall your small ones, as well as how you can prevent them. Let’s go.
Kids Wrist Fractures
Injuries to the wrists are the most common arm-related fractures. There are different bones in that area, so the type and place of the rupture tend to vary greatly.
Types of fracture
Simple fracture – This is a term they coined for when a bone breaks in two without affecting the surrounding tissue. You’ll often hear people reference it as a closed fracture.
Partial fracture – It describes an injury where a bone cracks, yet no breaking occurs. Its other name is the non-displaced fracture.
Complete fracture – This one describes a situation in which a bone breaks down into pieces. This is what they call a displaced fracture.
Complex fracture – And this one usually happens when part of the bone juts out above the skin. Here, the bone breaks down into different soft tissues and fragments.
Physeal fracture – This one affects mostly children and entails the growth of a bone plate.
Greenstick fracture – This is a type of injury where some areas of the bone are broken and some are bent. In most cases, it occurs in kids for they have soft bones. It can affect the legs and arms.
- Bruising and swelling
- Immediate pain
- Abnormal position of the wrist and hand
- Redness around the problematic spot
- Difficulty moving the hand and wrist
- The crooked appearance of the affected limb
What causes kids wrist fracture?
If your child gets hit in that area or falls on his or her wrist with the arm outstretched, this may lead to a fracture. Needless to say, athletes are at a greater risk of getting an injury.
Child wrist fracture or sprain?
There is a glaring difference between a sprain and a fracture. Fractures damage the bone and more often than not lead to breakage. On the other hand, sprains affect the ligament and, in most cases, no breakage is involved. Nonetheless, some sprains are much, much worse than fractures.
Kids Fractures Treatment in Singapore
Proper diagnosis is essential for determining the right treatment. Your child’s age and fracture type will dictate what course of action is best to take. For starters, if the injury involves a displaced bone, a non-incisional treatment will be assigned. It will entail repositioning of the bone and be applying a cast or splint.
Be it as it may, if the injury has caused the bone to break into pieces, this is a severe fracture that calls for surgery. A specialist will realign the pieces operatively, and then use metal pins, screws, or a cast to fixate them.
As you would imagine, parents don’t have the necessary qualifications to evaluate their child’s fracture or decide on a course of action. The diagnosis is better left in the hands of a skilled kids injury doctor.
Kids Elbow Fracture
A fracture in the elbow affects the joint and may occur in different areas.
Types of elbow fractures
Medial epicondyle fractures
This type of injury describes a breakage in the inner part of the elbow. It is typically the result of intense sports activities and is common in athletes. When it comes to children, it affects teenagers and preteens the most. There are three major types.
Type I fractures can be healed in a cast, as the bone is only slightly dislocated. With type II, the bone has shifted out of position to a bigger degree and might need to be repaired surgically. Otherwise, a cast will suffice.
As far as type III fractures are concerned, the bone has been moved significantly out of position. Surgery seems to be the only way to fix that.
Lateral condyle fractures
A kind of injury that happens in the outer part of the elbow due to low-energy activities. If no displacement is found, there is no need for a cast or splint. However, if the bone has shifted out of position, it has to be realigned. To stabilise the bone, the doctor in Singapore will use wires or pins.
If you ask an orthopaedic for kids, they will tell you this is the kind of elbow fracture they have had to deal with the most throughout their careers. It describes a breakage that takes place above the elbow joint, right in the humerus bone. It often occurs to youngsters between the ages of 4 and 8.
This type of injuries has to be treated immediately due to risks of nerve and vascular issues. The problem is that the brachial artery is positioned in this part of the arm. Thus, surgery might be necessary to address supracondylar fractures.
A fracture in the elbow causes bruising, acute pain, swelling, and crookedness. The child will likely be unable to move their elbow.
What causes a kids elbow fracture?
The causes are different. In baseball and football, for example, a violent throwing motion of the ball can trigger such an injury. In gymnastics, a hard landing may lead to elbow dislocation.
Elbow Fractures Treatment in Singapore
Some of these injuries require immobilising the troubled arm with a splint or cast for four weeks or so. However, other fractures have to be treated in a surgical way. It is important that during the recovery the patient stays away from sports activities like jumping and running. They should also avoid gym activities at school and make sure the cast is dry at all times.
Kids will likely experience stiffness in the affected arm after the cast is removed. But once they go back to their daily activities, it will disappear over time. Rehabilitation will help speed up the process.
Kids Knee Fracture
The knee is that part of the body, which allows the legs to extend and bend. This, in turn, allows us to perform activities such as kicking, walking, running, and even sitting. Imagine what our lives would be if we weren’t able to bend our knees.
Two out of four bones in the knee make up its joint, providing stability, weight-bearing, movement, and function. Four ligaments exist around them for added stability. To keep the bones from friction, two pieces of cartilage are available on top of the tibia. They create a cushioning effect and prevent the structures from rubbing on each other when the knee is moving.
If one of these parts gets damaged, inflammation is caused. Sprains, strains or fractures might occur.
Symptoms of the kid’s knee fracture
- Lots of swelling
- Extreme pain when the knee is touched
- Tenderness around the troubled area
- Difficulty moving the troubled joint
Knee Treatment in Singapore
There are different methods to treat knees. Mild injuries require lots of rest. Some children may need to wear a knee immobiliser until the area heals. In that case, they will also have to use clutches to move around.
Here is what you can do when your child injures himself or herself. Be sure to apply ice to the problematic area immediately. Do it at intervals of 20 minutes. Swelling and pain can be reduced by lifting the troubled leg on soft objects (like pillows).
Don’t forget to consult a paediatrician orthopaedic about the problem as soon as you can. They will diagnose the condition and take the necessary measures. If the pain is severe, they may prescribe anti-inflammatory pills and painkillers.
If the kid has bone fractures or torn ligaments, the doctor will advise in favour of surgical reconstruction. It can be either open surgery or arthroscopy. The latter is minimally invasive. A very small incision is made into the knee and a minute tube with a camera attached to it is inserted into the joint. It allows the surgeon to see the operative field so they can fix the problem.
The recovery period is a few weeks.
How to Prevent Injuries?
No parent wants to see their kids suffer, but, alas, fractures happen. The good news is that there is something you can do to prevent your little ones from injuring themselves.
First of all, teach them how to properly warm up and cool down during workouts. Second, be strict about using protective equipment.
See the full list of common kid injuries in Singapore here.
Third, if they love jumping, ensure that they always bend their knees upon landing. If you have access to special training surfaces, do make use of them. Jumping and running on a hard surface like asphalt stresses the knees.
Last but not least, encourage your children to do exercises that help improve flexibility. Think yoga and stretching.
Although it may not always keep your kiddos from fractures, prevention goes a long way. It doesn’t hurt to be protective.